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Space X发射失败,美国间谍卫星丢了?

来源:新华网
日期:2018-01-12
作为大众眼中的“黑科技”公司,美国太空探索科技公司Space X一直走在时代前沿,无论是可回收火箭,还是其余各式各样的航空业务,总能吸引眼球。
 
然而最近,他们可能遇到麻烦了!
 
美国太空探索技术公司7日晚为美国政府发射的神秘间谍卫星“祖马”未到达预定轨道,可能已经“丢失”。
 
A highly classified U.S. spy satellite that was launched aboard a SpaceX rocket on Sunday (Jan 7) reportedly failed to reach orbit and might have been lost. 
 
这可是个大新闻,火箭到底怎么了?故障严重吗?卫星哪儿去了?一股脑的问题接踵而来。
 
NBC:SpaceX刚刚搞丢了一颗美国的秘密间谍卫星?


 
 
《洛杉矶时报》网站:立法部门将调查此次丢失卫星的火箭发射事件
 
《时代周刊》网站:我们依然清楚发射政府机密卫星的SpaceX到底怎么了。
 
CBS:SpaceX机密卫星谜团:三个最有可能的答案
 
CBS表示,目前来看,可能有三种结论:卫星上了轨道而且没有问题(Zuma is in orbit and alive);卫星在轨道上,但是没有工作(It's in orbit and not functioning);卫星和火箭分离失败,可能随着燃烧殆尽(It failed to separate from the Falcon 9 and has probably burned up along with it)。
 
在被问及相关消息时,太空探索技术公司一名发言人给新华社记者发来两句话的声明:“我们不对此种性质的任务置评。不过就目前而言,数据评估显示‘猎鹰9’火箭运行正常。”
 
But SpaceX hinted that the presumed problem may have nothing to do with its rocket, the spokesperson in an emailed statement to Xinhua on Monday. "We do not comment on missions of this nature; but as of right now reviews of the data indicate Falcon 9 performed nominally," the statement added.
 
《时代周刊》网站援引美国官员的话表示,“祖马”未能与“猎鹰9”火箭第二级分离,可能已经解体或者落入海中。
 
The mysterious Zuma satellite, built by American aerospace and defense technology company Northrop Grumman, failed to separate from the second stage of the Falcon 9 rocket and is assumed to have broken up or plunged into the sea, according to news website Time, which quoted two anonymous U.S. officials as saying.
 
他们还表示,目前调查正在进行中,未发现有破坏或其他干扰的迹象。

 
很快,在9日上午,太空探索技术公司总裁格温·肖特韦尔又发布更详细的信息说:“澄清:在评估了迄今所有数据后,‘猎鹰9’7日晚正确执行了各项任务……与此声明相悖的信息显然都是错的。由于这一载荷的机密性质,我们不能进行进一步评论。”
 
Then, in an updated statement on Tuesday morning, SpaceX President Gwynne Shotwell reaffirmed that its Falcon 9 rocket "did everything correctly" during the launch from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.
 
"If we or others find otherwise based on further review, we will report it immediately. Information published that is contrary to this statement is categorically false," Shotwell said.
"Due to the classified nature of the payload, no further comment is possible," she said.
 
 一些专家的评论似乎支持了太空探索技术公司的看法。美国哈佛-史密森天体物理中心天文学家乔纳森·麦克道尔在推特上写道,美国军方的卫星跟踪网站将“祖马”登记为“美国280”,并暗示它完成了至少一圈飞行,这与美国媒体有关卫星未与火箭第二级分离的报道冲突。但也可能是卫星分离时加电未成功导致传闻中的最终失败。
 
Jonathan McDowell, an astronomer at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, tweeted that data from Space-Track, a website managed by the U.S. Strategic Command, indicated that Zuma "completed at least one orbit," which conflicted with media stories that payload failed to separate from the second stage. He noted that it was "still possible that payload did not power up at separation, would account for at least part of [the] rumours of a failure."
 
据新华网报道, “祖马”于7日晚搭乘太空探索技术公司的“猎鹰9”火箭,从美国佛罗里达州卡纳维拉尔角空军基地升空。军工制造商美国诺思罗普·格鲁曼公司代表美国政府安排了这次发射,表示“祖马”将被发射至近地轨道。
 
但除了名字外,人们对这颗卫星几乎一无所知,也没有美国政府机构出面“认领”它。在7日的发射任务中,太空探索技术公司还成功回收了“猎鹰9”火箭的第一级。也许因为是发射间谍卫星,其网络视频直播也到此结束,未像往常一般通报火箭第二级的情况。

文章来源:新华网
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