The Great Hall of the People. CFP
Beijing welcomed thousands of visitors from around the country this month. They gathered at the capital city to take part in the two sessions. The annual political sessions in China have drawn much attention. Read on to find out more about them.
What are the two sessions?
This term refers to the annual plenary sessions of the National People’s Congress (NPC) and the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). This year, the CPPCC session started on March 3 and the NPC session started on March 5.
What are the NPC and the CPPCC?
The NPC is the highest organ of State power and the top legislature. It supervises the government and judicial system and determines major State issues. The NPC also elects the president and vice-president. This year, 2,980 deputies are elected from across the country. Deputies are subject to supervision by the voters in their electoral districts or the units that elected them.
The CPPCC is China’s top political advisory body. It also facilitates China’s multiparty cooperation and political consultation, led by the Communist Party of China. This year, 2,158 members of the CPPCC National Committee are elected. They come from different political parties and organizations in China.
What happens at these sessions?
Routine tasks at the annual NPC meeting include reviewing the annual work report of the central government; hearing work reports by the NPC Standing Committee, the Supreme People’s Court and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate; and reviewing the annual plan for economic and social development and the central and local budgets. NPC deputies can submit motions, which are legally binding once adopted.
Members of the CPPCC National Committee gather to discuss important political, economic and social matters and make proposals. The proposals put forward by members of the CPPCC National Committee are nonbinding proposals.